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Rules of entry and exit to / from Russian Federation


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Home    Services and Regulations    Rules of entry and exit to / from Russian Federation

Entry/Custom Regulations

Rules of preflight and post-flight inspections at the airport

In addition, we recommend reading the “Security Rules” and visiting. Pursuant to Article 6 of the Federal Law “On the Procedure for Exiting the Russian Federation and Entering the Russian Federation”, the air carrier is to control availability and validity of documents necessary for entering the destination country. On DONAVIA flights, your documents may be checked by the airline’s authorized representative at check-in or while boarding.

Official information about documents can be received only at a consulate of the destination country. A passenger must comply with requirements for completing passport, customs, currency, sanitary, quarantine, and other formalities. If the said rules are not complied with, DONAVIA may at its discretion terminate an air carriage agreement (Paragraph 1.1 Article 107 of the RF Air Code).

We suggest printing out the Electronic Passenger Customs Declaration Form and fill it in well in advance to reduce the time of completing customs formalities. 

Passenger Customs Declaration Completion Procedure (PDF format, 111 Kb).

More detailed information can be found on the Federal Customs Service website.

Moreover, we suggest reading the Security Rules

Rules for Entering the RF

Capital – Moscow. The Russian Federation is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Passport requirements

A valid passport is required to enter the RF


  • Holders of the RF Certificate du Repatriation issued to RF citizens.
  • Holders of the German identity document (Kinderausweis) issued to children under 15, inclusive, with a photograph of the holder. No photograph is required for children under 10.
  • Holders of a sailor passport traveling for service purposes.
  • Holders of a travel document (Laissez-Passer) issued by the United Nations Organization or different states with valid documents and confirmed tickets for travelling to a third-party.
  • Holders of a stateless person or refugee issued by the states they reside in.

Passport validity:

  • A passport or a substituting document must be valid at the moment of arriving in the RF.
  • An entry is possible by using an expired RF citizen passport. In this case a penalty will be charged from the passenger at arrival at the airport.

AC crew members:

  • Requirements are identical to the rules of entry for ordinal passengers. Moreover, a general declaration is required.

Military servicemen:

  • Requirements are identical to the rules of entry for ordinal passengers.

Additional information:

For RF citizens:

  • Individuals with dual citizenship enter the RF and exit the RF using the same document.
  • Passengers holding an expired passport may not enter the RF.


  • Russian children under 18 exiting the RF without accompanying persons must hold a notarized power of attorney in Russian proving a permit to exit the RF. These requirements extend to children not residing in Russia, but holding a Russian passport.


A visa is required.

Passengers exempt from a visa requirement:

  • RF citizens.
  • Citizens of CIS states, except citizens of Georgia and Turkmenistan.
  • Citizens of Mongolia arriving for business purposes and having the relevant evidence or for travel purposes and holding a hotel voucher or for private purposes if invited by an RF resident.

For up to 90 days:

  • Holders of regular passports of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
  • Holders of regular passports of Israel traveling for tourism or guest purposes.
  • Holders of consular, diplomatic, official, or special passports of Panama.
  • Holders of consular, diplomatic, or official passports of Guatemala.
  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or special passports of Ecuador.
  • Holders of diplomatic, service, or special passports of Turkey.
  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or service passports of Argentina, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Guinea, India, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Philippines, Slovakia, South Africa, and Thailand.
  • Holders of diplomatic or official passports of Brazil, Chile, Salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Pakistan, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
  • Holders of diplomatic or service passports of Albania, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Gabon, Hungary, Indonesia, Mali, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Peru, Venezuela, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe.
  • Holders of diplomatic passports of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guyana, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.

For up to 30 days:

  • Citizens of Cuba.
  • Citizens of Thailand traveling for tourism purposes.
  • Holders of regular passports of Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey.
  • Holders of passports of Macau (SAD of China).
  • Holders of regular passports of Croatia, providing that there is an original hotel voucher and a confirmation copy issued by a Russian travel agency or an invitation issued by the RF immigration authorities.
  • Holders of diplomatic passports of the People’s Republic of China.
  • Holders of diplomatic, service, or special passports of Syria.

For up to 14 days:

  • Holders of passports of Hong Kong (SAD of China).
  • Holders of diplomatic, official, or service passports of Brunei-Darussalam.
  • Holders of ordinary passports of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Macedonia (FYROM), providing that they travel:
    • for business purposes and hold an original invitation for up to 90 days;
    • for tourism purposes and hold an original voucher and confirmation of a Russian travel agency for up to 30 days.
  • Holders of diplomatic, official, service, or special passports of Iran and Romania.
  • Holders of diplomatic or service passports of Cambodia, Croatia, Macedonia (FYROM), Serbia, and Turkmenistan.
  • Holders of alien’s passports (non-citizen passport) issued by Latvia or Estonia, including children inscribed in the document.
  • For up to 15 days: citizens of the People’s Republic of China traveling for tourism purposes in a group organized by an authorized travel agency.
  • Holders of a (temporary) residence permit issued by the Russian Federation to citizens of Germany, Italy, or Poland.
  • Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina in transit across the RF territory to third countries for up to 7 days.

Transition without Visa (TWOV)

Holders of tickets continuing a flight are entitled to transition without visa for up to 24 hours:

  • Transition without visa is not applicable to travels flying via airports of cities: Rostov-on-Don, Mineralnye Vody, and Krasnodar. In case of transit via such airports, citizens who require a valid visa to RF must have TRANSIT visa to travel via such airports.
  • Transition without visa does not cover passengers travelling to the Crimean airports. They are subject to immigration and customs control.

Commercial sailors:

  • No visa is required for the citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Cuba, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, DPRK, Moldova, RF, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
  • Commercial sailors arriving by plane to take a vessel or arriving by vessel to board an aircraft must follow their service route and produce a letter of guarantee issued by a vessel owning company.

AC crew members:

  • No visa is required for crew members of airlines that signed an agreement with the RF Government for visa free entries of their crew members and crew members whose citizenship is mentioned in the section of visa preferences for holders of regular passports.

Military servicemen:

  • Requirements are identical to the rules for entry of ordinary passengers.
  • A maximum stay of 90 days within a 180-day period is permitted for holders of ordinary passports of Guatemala, Peru, Turkey, and Uruguay.
  • Passengers must hold documents necessary for their next destination. Exceptions: citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, RF, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
  • Exceptions: holders of a valid visa.
  • Passengers are strongly recommended to have an insurance policy to cover any medical expenses.
  • A period of stay may be extended by 14 days for the citizens of Brunei holding diplomatic, service, or official passports.

A maximum stay of 90 days within a 180-day period is permitted for holders of diplomatic passports of Denmark, Norway, and Switzerland.


  • Passengers having no return flight ticket/ticket for continuing a flight may be refused to enter. Exceptions: citizens of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, RF, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
  • Exceptions: holders of a valid visa.

Important information

Information for Passengers Traveling to European Countries An amendment to the rules for entering European countries took effect on July 19, 2013. Under this amendment, citizens of all countries not signatory to the Schengen Agreement must, when entering a country, hold a passport valid for at least three months upon the planned travel end (previously this rule was applicable only to Cyprus, Greece, Netherlands, Latvia, and Lithuania).

An entry to Latvia or Bulgaria with a Schengen visa in the fully used passport (having no blank pages for putting visas and stamps) is permitted, providing that a new passport is available. The fully used passport must be valid. Otherwise, a visa in the old passport will be considered invalid.

In order to enter the territory of the Republic of Cyprus, citizens of Russia and Ukraine have to produce a valid passport, a Cyprus visa or pro-visa valid for a single entry to be obtained on the Embassy’s website

Citizens of third countries holding valid two-entry or multiple entry Schengen visas C or those that have already entered the Schengen space are entitled, according to the terms of the Schengen visas issued to them, to enter and stay in the territory of the Republic of Cyprus without a national visa for a time period equal to the remaining period of stay provided in the issued visa, but no longer than the period of this visa validity.

German Immigration


  1. Passengers travelling to Germany must be in possession of a valid passport signed by the bearer.
  2. Visa passengers with single entry Shengen visas are accepted only if visa is issued by a German consulate. Entry into Germany on a Schengen single entry visa issued by another state of the Schengen area is not automatically invalid. However, if the German Federal Police at the border control discover that the purpose of the trip will not be implemented in the country that issued the visa, but in Germany, then the visitor may be refused entry as he/she should have applied for a visa at the German representation office. Each case is considered individually. If the visitor has a multiple entry visa, the first entry in the Schengen area must be made in the country that issued the visa. Visitors with multiple entry visas can then enter any other country of the Schengen area.

The carrier reserves the right to deny transportation to the passengers not conforming with these requirements.

These conditions are entry conditions for the country, thus they are applied for passengers who have Russia – Germany – Russia tickets and visas, issued by non-German embassy and who do not have permission for transit on German territory. The information is not applied for transit passengers, going through Germany to other European countries.

Information for passengers flying to the UK

New rules for transit passengers passing through the UK entered into force on December 1, 2014:

  • Nationals of the Russian Federation and of other countries requiring a visa for Great Britain and travelling on to Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man (countries belonging to the Common Migration Space) must go through immigration control and exit the airport. They must have a transit visa for Great Britain.
  • Airside transit, i.e. when transit passengers do not change airports or leave the airport, remains in effect until 23:59 of the same day. Russian nationals do not need a visa in case of airside transit.
  • Landside transit for nationals that require a visa (including Russian nationals), i.e. when transit passengers leave the airport, remains in effect until 23:59 of the next day provided that they have a UK transit visa, except for holders of any of the following documents:
  1. a valid visa for Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the United States, even if these countries are not on the passenger’s itinerary;
  2. a valid residence permit in Australia, New Zealand, Canada (issued after June 28, 2002);
  • a residence permit for the United States issued after April 21, 1998:
  1. a valid residence permit I-551 (ADIT stamp is not accepted);
  2. an expired residence permit I-551 with extension letter I-797;
  3. an immigrant visa 155A/155B with a sealed envelope;
  • a residence permit in a member country of the European Economic Area and Switzerland;
  • a category D visa issued by a member country of the European Economic Area and Switzerland;
  • an Irish biometric visa endorsed BC or BIVS (permits further transit to a country that is not a member of the Common Migration Space);
  • a Schengen visa marked ADS, provided that the passenger travels to the country that issued the visa;
  • a departure ticket from the Schengen zone provided that the holder can confirm his/her arrival with an ADS visa no more than 30 days back.

Children under 18 years of age travelling to the UK on an “ACCOMPANIED” visa may continue their journey only if they are accompanied by the person whose name or passport number is specified in the visa. The child’s visa is invalid if he/she is accompanied by another person.

Information for passengers travelling to Turkey

As of January 1 2015, the requirements for passport validity of passengers travelling to Turkey have changed:

  • Passports of nationals of the Russian Federation who are eligible for visa-free visits to Turkey for 60 days must be valid for at least 120 days from the date of entry into the Republic of Turkey.
  • Passports of Belarusian citizens who are eligible for visa-free visits to Turkey for 30 days must be valid for at least 90 days from the date of entry into the Republic of Turkey.
  • Passport validity of other nationals (except Turkey, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, France and Switzerland) should be calculated as follows: maximum authorized period of stay without a visa or visa expiry date plus 60 days.
  • Nationals of Turkey, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, France and Switzerland may enter the country with an expired passport.
  • Passengers who have a residence permit in Turkey should present documents valid at the time of entry into the country.

Information for Passengers Flying to India

According to the effective Regulation of the Department of Telecommunications of the Indian Government, foreign citizens may import and use Immarsat Satphone satellite telephones (except the BGAN system) only if they have a permit issued by the Department of Telecommunications of the Indian Government.

Satellite telephones carried in baggage/hand luggage of a passenger having no relevant permit of the Department of Telecommunications will be seized until the above permit is produced.

Any individuals sending cargoes to India must fill in a declaration with a detailed description of the imported cargoes and submit the same to the Customs Service at the first point of entry.

Information for Passengers Flying to/from/across the USA

The US Transportation Security Administration (TSA) requires that you supply personal data, in particular, full name, date of birth, and sex for the further processing of lists of passengers according to the USA laws. You can also supply information about previous checks – Redress Number (if any).

Refusal to provide accurate information (full name, date of birth, or sex) may lead to refusal to transport or let in the boarding area. The TSA reserves a right to forward this information to other US competent agencies. More detailed information is available on the US Transportation Security Administration website, TSA:

Passengers traveling to the USA for tourism or business purposes staying in the country for up to 90 days are not required to hold visas, if they are citizens of countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program. Before traveling to the United States, these passengers must register in the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA). According to the ESTA terms, citizens of these countries must obtain an electronic permit to enter on the US Department of Homeland Security website:

Citizens of countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program in the USA that failed to obtain a permit to enter the USA in the ESTA system will not be allowed to board an aircraft bound for the United States.

If you wish to transport firearms in your checked baggage, you may not print and attach baggage tags on your own to the baggage. You need to contact a check-in agent so that procedures and your declaration are handled in the correct manner.

Rules for Entering Japan

In order to prevent a threat of terrorism, in November 2007 the Ministry of Justice of Japan amended the Immigration Control and Refugee Status Law.

Once the Law took effect, foreign citizens entering Japan must agree to provide their fingerprints and be photographed (face) while passing immigration control at the destination airport.

At the same time, arriving passengers may be briefly interviewed. Citizens refusing to undergo the above procedures will not be allowed to enter Japan.

Requirements for entering the country do not extend to children under 16; permanent residents in the territory of Japan; persons that received a permanent resident status; diplomats and representatives of governments of other countries arriving in official visits.

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